RELIGIOUS INFORMATION SEEKING IN THE INFORMATION SOCIETY: A STUDY ON RELIABILITY AND QUALITY CRITERIA OF RELIGIOUS INFORMATION ON THE INTERNET
In the information age, internet is one of the most basic sources of information, and this is same in terms of religious information search/acquisition practices. In this direction, the need for acquisition of religious information today is increasingly met by the internet environment together with traditional religious institutions. In context of this need many religious organizations transfer their institutional structures to online environments at the same time and the diversity of religious information in the online environment is increasing day by day. This present situation raises many questions and problems as “what is the criteria of reliability and quality of the information on the internet? how individuals use the internet in the acquisition of religious information process and how these usage habits differ from traditional acquisition of religious information processes? and what is the role of internet as an agency and a medium in this processes?” The comprehensive consideration of such questions and problems at an academic level requires a long-term research process that transcends the boundaries of this work and requires multiple research perspectives. In this respect, this study focuses on the reliability of the religious information on the internet as the first step of the research process and aims to determine the user-oriented quality criteria. In this study, the criteria determined by the method of literature review was used as a functional tool in the evaluation of six internet websites which are mostly clicked in Turkish religious information sources and fiqh category in the light of Alexa data. In this respect, the study has the potential to serve as a concrete outcome, such as increasing the level of awareness of internet users, as well as being an important initiative in identifying the reliability of religious information on the internet. As a result of the study, it has been determined that internet sites providing religious information have significant deficiencies in competence, authority and coverage, and these deficiencies lead to reliability problems.
Keywords: Religious Information, Religious Information Seeking, Internet, Reliability, Quality Criteria.
PROCESS OF RELIGIOUS INFORMATION SEEKING ON THE INTERNET AND CRITICAL COMPETENCIES:
AN EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE STUDENTS OF ERCIYES UNIVERSITY FACULTY OF COMMUNICATION
Today, internet is an important resource which is used in information acquisition processes. This also applies to religious practice. Some research findings demonstrate that the internet is among the most frequently used sources in the process of religious information searching / acquiring with traditional sources of information. In this respect, this study focuses on the sources of information and the reliability of these sources in the process of meeting university students' religious knowledge requirements and focuses on the critical competencies of these students in the process of acquiring religious knowledge on the internet. In order to measure the critical competencies of the students in the process of religious information searching, a study based on user-centered criteria for the evaluation of religious / informative web sites, developed by Eken and Aydın (2018), is an empirical study conducted by the students of Erciyes University Faculty of Communication with a simple random sampling technique. According to the results obtained from the study; It can be stated that internet is one of the most basic sources for religious information for university students, but unlike this widespread use, students do not trust the information obtained from the Internet environment and have a moderate level of critical competency compared to the criteria specified in the survey form. This situation is important in terms of demonstrating the necessity of educational processes that will redound critical literacy skills for university students.
Keywords: Internet, Religious Information Acquisition, University Students, Critical Competencies.